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Some Useful Linux Commands

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Some Useful Linux Commands
« on: May 10, 2013, 12:31:43 AM »
Some Useful Linux Commands

[size="4"][color="SandyBrown"]Shorthand at the Command Prompt[/color][/size]

[color="SandyBrown"]/[/color] - root directory

[color="SandyBrown"]./[/color] - current directory

[color="SandyBrown"]./command_name[/color] - run a command in the current directory when the current directory is not on the path

[color="SandyBrown"]../[/color] - parent directory

[color="SandyBrown"]~[/color] - home directory

[color="SandyBrown"]$[/color] - typical prompt when logged in as ordinary user

[color="SandyBrown"]#[/color] - typical prompt when logged in as root or superuser

[color="SandyBrown"]![/color] - repeat specified command

[color="SandyBrown"]!![/color] - repeat previous command

[color="SandyBrown"]^^[/color] - repeat previous command with substitution

[color="SandyBrown"]&[/color] - run a program in background mode

[color="SandyBrown"][Tab][Tab][/color] - prints a list of all available commands. This is just an example of autocomplete with no restriction on the first letter.

[color="SandyBrown"]x[Tab][Tab][/color] - prints a list of all available completions for a command, where the beginning is ``x''

[color="SandyBrown"][Alt][Ctrl][F1][/color] - switch to the first virtual text console

[color="SandyBrown"][Alt][Ctrl][Fn][/color] - switch to the nth virtual text console. Typically, there are six on a Linux PC system.

[color="SandyBrown"][Alt][Ctrl][F7][/color] - switch to the first GUI console, if there is one running. If the graphical console freezes, one can switch to a nongraphical console, kill the process that is giving problems, and switch back to the graphical console using this shortcut.

[color="SandyBrown"][ArrowUp] [/color]- scroll through the command history (in bash)

[color="SandyBrown"][Shift][PageUp][/color] - scroll terminal output up. This also works at the login prompt, so you can scroll through your boot messages.

[color="SandyBrown"][Shift][PageDown][/color] - scroll terminal output down

  • [/color][/b] - switch to next X server resolution (if the server is set up for more than one resolution)

    [color="SandyBrown"][Ctrl][Alt][-][/color] - change to previous X server resolution

    [color="SandyBrown"][Ctrl][Alt][BkSpc][/color] - kill the current X server. Used when normal exit is not possible.

    [color="SandyBrown"][Ctrl][Alt][Del][/color] - shut down the system and reboot

    [color="SandyBrown"][Ctrl]c[/color] - kill the current process

    [color="SandyBrown"][Ctrl]d[/color] - logout from the current terminal

    [color="SandyBrown"][Ctrl]s[/color] - stop transfer to current terminal

    [color="SandyBrown"][Ctrl]q[/color] - resume transfer to current terminal. This should be tried if the terminal stops responding.

    [color="SandyBrown"][Ctrl]z[/color] - send current process to the background

    [color="SandyBrown"]reset[/color] - restore a terminal to its default settings

    [color="SandyBrown"][Leftmousebutton][/color] - Hold down left mouse button and drag to highlight text. Releasing the button copies the region to the text buffer under X and (if gpm is installed) in console mode.

    [color="SandyBrown"][Middlemousebutton][/color] - Copies text from the text buffer and inserts it at the cursor location. With a two-button mouse, click on both buttons simultaneously. It is necessary for three-button emulation to be enabled, either under gpm or in XF86Config.


Re: Some Useful Linux Commands
« Reply #1 on: July 10, 2014, 02:07:40 AM »
Letting Versus Owning Tools

You will discover always usually when, regardless of
the way carefully a excavation company strategies out some sort of
venture, at this time there simply isn't enough equipment readily available
to manage certain requirements from the project without
running low on period. Your options at this time are generally
clear - rent the products you need or perhaps go ahead and

It is however, challenging for making most of these
choices, as a result of several factors that you
need to think about.

Rental pricing
Its no secret this rental companies produce a killing
together with the equipment they rent out. A lot of companies
will rent over a daily or maybe weekly basis, which is excellent
for them but could be inefficient. Depending on precisely what
area you actually work inside, the price can be quite large or

Determined by what sort of products you will need, often the
price Keyword Advantage Review to help rent will vary. Excavators along with off highway
dump trucks are one of the highest for you to rent, since they
could cost as much as 12, 000 us dollars monthly! This specific
may look a bit outrageous in the beginning, while should you
use a profitable business and are working away at an enormous
venture, you should have problems meeting the retail price.

When you require a lot more equipment , nor desire to purchase,
you can buy your personal gear. Acquiring is the method to
head out considering making use of the equipment much more. If you
work on large projects on a frequent base, you could possibly
need to check into buying the equipment you require
as opposed to leasing.

Getting could save you currency time, providing
you are likely to use kit all over again. If
you require the tools for starters or two assignments, anyone
might just need to purchase. Guaranteed you won't hold the
equipment, even though you certainly have a tendency wish to buy
one thing you won't be using.

Among the great things about renting is the fact
that company you book from is liable for correcting
whatever breaks. Your company will not dependable
for vehicle repairs, when you don't own the products. When
something breaks or cracks or goes wrong, simply call the
company and they'll end up there and also fix often the
issue, as the price to get repair is included within the
lease contract.

If you opt to proceed to pick the products,
your company will likely be in charge of the repair
of the gear. Because you probably know with possessing
other tools, you'll want to perform regular servicing
and service on the gear.

Doing that decision on leasing or buying is
ultimately your choice. It is best to take into consideration
budget, and when you are able to give the systems. In the event that
to become alarmed the particular finances or money to buy precisely what
you need, you should go with booking. In any case
you go, you'll receive the products you should full
your job and stay ahead of timetable.

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