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Things To Do After Installing Linux Ubuntu [Updated 03.05.2015]

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Madox

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* - Important!


* Connect To The Internet

[Info!] UsingTheTerminal
Why use the command-line?

"Under Linux there are GUIs (graphical user interfaces), where you can point and click and drag, and hopefully get work done without first reading lots of documentation. The traditional Unix environment is a CLI (command line interface), where you type commands to tell the computer what to do. That is faster and more powerful, but requires finding out what the commands are."

Starting a Terminal
In Unity

Dash -> Search for Terminal
Dash -> More Apps -> 'See More Results' -> Terminal
Dash -> More Apps -> Accessories -> Terminal
Keyboard Shortcut: Ctrl + Alt + T

In GNOME

GNOME is the classic desktop environment for Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty) and is the default desktop environment in earlier releases, such as Ubuntu 10.04 LTS (Lucid).
Applications menu -> Accessories -> Terminal.
Keyboard Shortcut: Ctrl + Alt + T

In Xfce (Xubuntu)
Applications menu -> System -> Terminal.
Keyboard Shortcut: Super + T
Keyboard Shortcut: Ctrl + Alt + T

In KDE (Kubuntu)
KMenu -> System -> Terminal Program (Konsole).

In LXDE (Lubuntu)
Menu -> Accessories -> LXTerminal.
Keyboard Shortcut: Ctrl + Alt + T

Commands
sudo: Executing Commands with Elevated Privileges

Most of the following commands will need to be prefaced with the sudo command. This elevates privileges to the root-user administrative level temporarily, which is necessary when working with directories or files not owned by your user account. When using sudo you will be prompted for your password. Only users with sudo (administrative) privileges will be able to use this command. You should never use normal sudo to start graphical applications as root. (Please see RootSudo for more information on using sudo correctly.)

Other Useful Things

AptGetHowto - using apt-get to install packages from the command line.
Commandline Repository Editing - adding the Universe/Multiverse repositories through the command line.
grep Howto - grep is a powerful command line search tool.

How To use Print Screen?
Use the Print Screen (PrtScn) button on your keyboard to save a screenshot of your current desktop to your home folder. Press Alt-PrtScn to take a snapshot of just the active window and not the entire screen.

Learn How To Use The Software Centre

Click here for a quick guide showing how to use apt-get.
This guide is more in depth and gives 25 useful ways to use apt-get.

How to Install your HP Printer Driver to Ubuntu
Code: [Select]
sudo hp-setup


Install Google Chrome
Adding Google Chrome PPA

Code: [Select]
$ wget -q -O - https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | sudo apt-key add -
$ sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google.list'


Install or Upgrade Google Chrome

Code: [Select]
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install google-chrome-stable



* Add LXDE to Ubuntu
Installed Ubuntu and want to add LXDE and all Lubuntu packages?

Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install lubuntu-desktop


* Software and Updates
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade


* Install Restricted Extras and multimedia codecs
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras[/SIZE]

VLC media player
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install vlc[/SIZE][/SIZE]

Install rar
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install rar[/SIZE][/SIZE]

Install GIMP
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install gimp[/SIZE][/SIZE]

Install SSHGuard
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install SSHGuard[/SIZE][/SIZE]
[/SIZE][/SIZE]

Gnome tweak tool and unity tweek tool
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool
sudo apt-get install unity-tweak-tool


Install pidgin
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install pidgin[/SIZE][/SIZE]

Install skype
Code: [Select]
sudo sh -c ‘echo “deb http://archive.canonical.com/ quantal partner” >> /etc/apt/sources.list’
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install skype


Install Preload Package in Linux Ubuntu
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install preload
Install Java
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install icedtea–7-plugin openjdk–7-jre[/SIZE][/B][/SIZE]


Fix overheating and extend battery life
Code: [Select]
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linrunner/tlp
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install tlp tlp-rdw
sudo tlp start


Install Compiz settings manager
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install
sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager



* Install PlayOnLinux
PlayOnLinux is a frontend piece of software for Wine, that allows you to easily install and run many Windows applications.

PlayOnLiux is free and does not require a Windows licence for use.

Step 1: Install Latest version of Wine
Code: [Select]
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install wine1.7 winetricks

Step 2: Install PlayOnLinux on Ubuntu 14.04
Code: [Select]
wget -q "http://deb.playonlinux.com/public.gpg" -O- | sudo apt-key add -
sudo wget http://deb.playonlinux.com/playonlinux_trusty.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/playonlinux.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install playonlinux


* Install Adobe Flash plugin
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer[/SIZE][/SIZE]


Disable shopping suggestions
Code: [Select]
gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Lenses disabled-scopes "['more_suggestions-amazon.scope', 'more_suggestions-u1ms.scope', 'more_suggestions-populartracks.scope', 'music-musicstore.scope', 'more_suggestions-ebay.scope', 'more_suggestions-ubuntushop.scope', 'more_suggestions-skimlinks.scope']"




Give It Time! :)

--
Ref: help.ubuntu.com/community/UsingTheTerminal
Ref: help.ubuntu.com/community/Lubuntu/Documentation/UpgradeToLubuntu
Ref: tecmint.com/useful-basic-commands-of-apt-get-and-apt-cache-for-package-management/
« Last Edit: August 14, 2015, 02:59:07 AM by hubsinfo »

hubsinfo

Re: Things To Do After Installing Linux Ubuntu [Updated 03.05.2015]
« Reply #1 on: June 03, 2015, 07:31:43 AM »
Remove Libreoffice if its installed:
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get remove --purge libreoffice*
sudo apt-get clean
sudo apt-get autoremove

Then to install OpenOffice you do:
Code: [Select]
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:upubuntu-com/openoffice
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install apache-openoffice

How to replace LibreOffice with OpenOffice?

http://askubuntu.com/questions/56220/how-to-replace-libreoffice-with-openoffice

 


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